Business Studies Class 12 Notes Marketing Management

1 What is Marketing Marketing refers to things to do a business enterprise undertakes to promote the shopping for or promoting of a product or service. Marketing consists of advertising, selling, and turning in merchandise to buyers or different businesses. Some advertising and marketing are accomplished via associates on behalf of a company. Professionals who … Read more

Business Studies Class 12 Notes Financial Markets

1 Introduction to Financial Markets Financial Intermediation = procedure of allocating cash from saving surplus devices (E.g. households) to saving deficit gadgets (e.g. industries, authorities etc.). • Alternatives = Banks or Financial markets Financial Markets are the institutional preparations through which financial savings generated in the financial system are channelized into avenues of funding by … Read more

Business Studies Class 12 Notes Financial Management

1 Introduction Business Finance = Money or cash accessible for an enterprise for its operations (that is, for some unique purpose) is known as finance. It is integral for survival and increase of business, for manufacturing and distribution of items and assembly day to day prices etc. It entails obtaining money to purchase Fixed property … Read more

Business Studies Class 12 Notes Controlling

1 Meaning of Controlling Controlling includes evaluation of real overall performance with the deliberate performance. If there is any distinction or deviation, then discovering the motives for such distinction and taking corrective measures to cease these motives so that they don ‘t re-occurs in future and that organizational targets are fulfilled efficiently. 2. Importance of … Read more

Business Studies Class 12 Notes Directing

1 Meaning of Directing Directing capability giving instructions, guiding, counseling, motivating and main the team of workers in a corporation in doing work to gain Organizational goals. Directing is a key managerial feature to be carried out by using the supervisor alongside with planning, organizing, staffing and controlling. From pinnacle govt to supervisor performs the … Read more

Business Studies Class 12 Notes Staffing

1 Meaning of Staffing Staffing potential inserting human beings to jobs. It starts off evolved with human useful resource planning and consists of exceptional different features like recruitment, selection, training, development, merchandising and overall performance appraisal of work force. 2 Need and Importance of Staffing A. Obtaining Competent Personnel: Proper staffing helps in discovering and … Read more

How to Reverse a String in Java (5 Ways)

String reversal is changing the characters position from last to first in string. There are different ways to to achieve reversal. We will see them one by one. Using Loops (or Iterations) Usnig StringBuffer or StringBuilder ‘s reverse() Using toCharArray() of Array Using Recursion Using Collections Lets see different ways one by one 1 Reverse … Read more

Business Studies Class 12 Notes Organizing

1. Meaning of Organizing once the goals and plans are laid down, administration has to pick out and set up productive relationships between a variety of things to do and assets for enforcing plans. In accepted phrases organizing refers to arranging the entirety in orderly shape and making the most environment friendly use of resources. … Read more

Business Studies Class 12 Notes Planning

1 What is Planning? Planning is ascertaining before what to try to and the way to try to. It is one among the foremost important managerial duties. Before doing something, the managers and supervisors must give their opinion regarding how to do a particular job. Hence, planning is firmly correlated with discovery and creativity. But … Read more