1 Meaning of Directing
Directing capability giving instructions, guiding, counseling, motivating and main the team of workers in a corporation in doing work to gain Organizational goals.
Directing is a key managerial feature to be carried out by using the supervisor alongside with planning, organizing, staffing and controlling.
From pinnacle govt to supervisor performs the feature of directing and it takes vicinity as a result anywhere best – subordinate family members exist.
Directing is a non-stop technique initiated at pinnacle stage and flows to the backside via organizational hierarchy.
2 Direction has obtained following characteristics
A. Pervasive Function– Directing is required at all stages of organization. Every supervisor presents education and suggestion to his subordinates.
B. Continuous Activity– Direction is a non-stop endeavor as it non-stop all through the existence of organization.
C. Human Factor– Directing feature is associated to subordinates and consequently it is associated to human factor.
Since human component is complicated and behaviors is unpredictable, course feature will become important.
D. Creative Activity– Direction characteristic helps in changing plans into performance.
Without this function, humans end up inactive and bodily sources are meaningless.
E. Function of execution – characteristic of Direction is carried out through all executivesand managers at all tiers all through the working of an enterprise, a subordinate receives directions from his most useful only.
F. Delegate Function– Direction is supposed to be a feature dealing with human beings. Human behaviors are unpredictable by way of nature and conditioning the people’s behaviors closer to the dreams of the organization is what the government does in this function.
Therefore, it is termed as having delicacy in it to address human behaviors.
A. Initiates Action: It helps to provoke motion via the humans in the company closer to attainment of preferred objectives.
The personnel begin working solely when they get guidelines and instructions from their superiors.
It is the directing characteristic which begins authentic work to convert plans into results.
B. Integrates Employee’s Efforts: All the things to do of the company are interrelated so it is quintessential to coordinate all the activities.
It integrates the things to do of subordinates by means of supervision, education and counselling.
C. Means of motivation: It motivates the subordinates to work efficaciously and to make contributions their most efforts in the direction of the fulfillment of organizational goals.
D. Facilitates change: Employees regularly withstand modifications due to worry of unfavorable outcomes on their employment and promotion.
Directing helps adjustment in the business enterprise to cope with modifications in the environment.
E. Stability and stability in the organization: Managers whilst performing directing characteristic instruct, guide, supervise and encourage their subordinates in a manner that they are capable to strike a stability between character and organizational interests.
4 Principles of Effective Direction
Effective route leads to larger contribution of subordinates to company goals.
The directing characteristic of administration can be high quality solely when sure properly regular standards are followed.
The following are the fundamental standards of high-quality direction:
A. Harmony of Objectives: It is a critical feature of administration to make the human beings recognize the targets of the crew and direct their efforts toward the fulfillment of their objectives.
The hobby of the crew needs to continually be triumphant over character interest.
The precept implies concord of private pastime and frequent interest.
B. Unity of Command: This precept states that one character have to obtain orders from solely one superior, in different words, one man or woman ought to be to blame to solely one boss.
If one individual is underneath extra than one boss then there can be contradictory orders and the subordinate fails to recognize whose order to be followed.
In the absence of harmony of command, the authority is undermined, self-discipline weakened, loyalty divided and confusion and delays are caused.
C. Unity of Direction: To have tremendous direction, there must be one head and one layout for a crew of things to do having the equal objectives.
In different words, every crew of things to do having the equal targets have to have one design of motion and ought to be beneath the manipulate of one supervisor.
D. Direct Supervision: The directing characteristic of administration turns into extra fantastic if the most beneficial keeps direct non-public contact with his subordinates.
Direct supervision infuses a feel of participation among subordinates that encourages them to put in their fantastic to obtain the organizational desires and enhance a wonderful device of feed-back of information.
E. Participative or Democratic Management: The characteristic of directing will become extra advantageous if participative or democratic fashion of administration is followed.
According to this principle, the foremost have to act in accordance to the mutual consent and the choices reached after consulting the subordinates.
It affords essential motivation to the people via making sure their participation and acceptance of work methods.
F. Effective Communication: To have high-quality direction, it is very imperative to have an advantageous verbal exchange machine which gives for free float of ideas, information, suggestions, complaints and grievances.
G. Follow-up: In order to make route effective, a supervisor has to constantly direct, guide, encourage and lead his subordinates.
A supervisor has now not solely to difficulty orders and directions however additionally to follow-up the overall performance so as to make certain that work is being carried out as desired.
He needs to intelligently oversee his subordinates at work and right them each time they go wrong.
1. Explain in one sentence how directing initiates motion in management.
Ans– Directing initiates motion by using ordering personnel to gain the preferred purpose of an organisation.
2. What is supposed via directing?
Ans. Directing is the procedure of instructing, guiding and inspiring human beings in the employer to acquire its objectives.
3. Give any two factors of directing.
4. State the component of directing which helps in enforcing the precept of scalar chain.
Ans– Communication helps in imposing the precept of scalar chain.
5. State any one attribute of directing.
Ans– Directing helps to provoke motion by way of the humans in the business enterprise in the direction of attainment of favored objectives.
Long Answer Questions
Q1. How directing helps in environment friendly and wonderful functioning of the organization? Explain by means of giving any three points.
Ans. Directing helps in environment friendly and high-quality functioning of administration because:
(i) It integrates personnel Directing integrates employees’ efforts in the employer in such a way that each individual’s efforts contribute to the welfare of the organization.
Thus, it ensures that personnel work effectively for the attainment of goals.
(ii) It improves effectivity Directing courses personnel to absolutely recognize their potentials and capabilities.
Through this function, managers utilize the possible of employees and persuade them to work with the fantastic of their potential and make a contribution their most efforts closer to the success of organizational objectives.
(iii) It allows alternate Business surroundings is altering very frequently, however the human beings commonly have a tendency to face up to change.
In this context, directing helps supervisor to persuade his subordinates to raise out adjustments from time to time to cope with modifications in the surroundings as the adjustments are vital to adapt and it is the want of present-day business
Q2. Explain the which means and any three traits of directing.
Ans– Directing refers to the system of instructing, guiding, counselling, motivating and main humans in the corporation thru high quality communication, so that their efforts end result in fulfillment of organizational objectives.
Characteristics of directing are as follows:
(i) Initiating procedure, it entails giving orders and guidelines to the personnel and thereby choices are transformed into actions.
(ii) Pervasive feature the directing feature is carried out through all managers at all stages to obtain the organizational goals.
(iii) A non-stop system It is an exercise that takes region at some point of the lifestyles of an organization, irrespective of human beings occupying managerial position.
Q3. Directing is the coronary heart of the administration process. Do you agree? Give any 4 motives in help of your answer.
Ans– Yes, I do agree with this statement. Directing may also be considered as the coronary heart of the administration process; Its significance may additionally be defined beneath the following points
(i) Initiates motion Directing helps to provoke motion by using human beings in the business enterprise in the direction of attainment of favored objectives, e.g. if a supervisor courses his subordinates and clarifies their doubts in performing a task, it will assist employees to gain work aims given to them.
(ii) Directing helps in enhancing employees’ efforts and it integrates employees’ efforts in the employer in such a way that each and every person effort contributes to the attainment of organizational objectives. Thus, it ensures that the folks work for organizational goals.
(iii) Directing Improves effectivity courses personnel to absolutely realize their plausible and skills with the aid of motivating and presenting advantageous leadership. An excellent chief can usually become aware of the possible of his personnel and encourage them to extract work up to their potential.
(iv) Brings stability and steadiness in the agency Effective directing helps to deliver balance and stability in the business enterprise since, it fosters cooperation and dedication amongst the humans and helps to acquire stability amongst quite a number team things to do and the departments.
Q4. Directing is now not required at all in administration of organization. Do you agree? Give two motives in guide of your answer.
Ans– No, I do no longer agree with the above statement. Directing is required in organization as it initiates the motion of human beings in the direction of attainment of favored goals.
(i) Initiates motion Directing helps to provoke motion with the aid of humans in the agency in the direction of attainment of preferred objectives, e.g. if a supervisor courses his subordinates and clarifies their doubts in performing a task, it will assist employees to acquire work pursuits given to them.
(ii) Directing helps employees’ working and it integrates employees’ efforts in the company in manner that each
womanor man effort contributes to the attainment of objectives of organizational.
Thus, it ensures that the folks work for organizational goals.
(iii)Improves efficiency Directing publications personnel to totally realize their achievable and abilities by using motivating and supplying high quality leadership.
A top chief can continually discover the doable of his personnel and encourage them to extract work up to their potential.
(iv)Brings stability and balance in the company Effective directing helps to deliver balance and stability in the employer since, it fosters cooperation and dedication amongst the humans and helps to reap stability amongst a number of team things to do and the departments.
Q5. Explain how directing helps in tremendous and environment friendly functioning of the organization.
What is supposed via directing as a characteristic of management? Describe any 4 factors of its importance.
‘Every motion in the employer is initiated via directing’. Explain any 4 factors of significance of directing in the mild of this statement. (All India 2012)
Ans– Directing refers to the system of instructing, guiding, counselling, motivating and main human beings in the agency via tremendous verbal exchange so that their efforts end result in fulfillment of organizational objectives.
The scope of directing is very wide. It consists of all these things to do by means of which a supervisor influences the behaviors of his subordinates to impervious preferred overall performance from them.
According to William Newman, ‘Directing offers with the steps, a supervisor takes to get subordinates and others to elevate out plans.
Importance of directing
Its significance may additionally be defined underneath the following points
(i) Initiates motion Directing helps to provoke motion through human beings in the business enterprise closer to attainment of preferred objectives, e.g. if a supervisor publication his subordinates and clarifies their doubts in performing a task, it will assist employees to attain work pursuits given to them.
(ii) Directing helps in enhancing employees’ efforts, employees’ efforts in the business enterprise in such a way that each and every person effort contributes to the attainment of organizational objectives.
Thus, it ensures that the humans work for organizational goals.
(iii) Improves effectivity Directing courses personnel to entirely realize their plausible and skills by means of motivating and presenting positive leadership.
A right chief can usually perceive the practicable of his personnel and encourage them to extract work up to their potential.
(iv) Brings stability and balance in the company Effective directing helps to convey steadiness and stability in the company since, it fosters cooperation and dedication amongst the humans and helps to attain stability amongst a range of team things to do and the departments.