Many times we heard these terms so here we will know full form of SC ST OBC UR and EWS.
This post is only for information purpose
The caste system is a method of categorising people into professions or races.
The practise of branding people into a specific caste based on their birth into a specific family.
The caste system in India is rigid. This means that no one can advance or descend the caste hierarchy.
In the caste system, there is an arrangement that gives pride and honour to one caste while sanctioning and disabling other caste groups.
The caste system has a significant impact on the social-political-educational, and economic spheres of an individual’s life.
They have political clout as a result of their upper caste status, which facilitates their economic activities (trading).
They are successful in life. Upper caste people have a high social status and are well-respected.
They consider themselves to be the most educated and highly qualified people in society.
They have the social standing to hold positions such as Temple priest, high post, and so on.
Lower caste people, on the other hand, are treated unequally in comparison to upper caste people.
Because of social discrimination, this group of people is looked down upon and forced to work in menial jobs such as hard manual labour.
Between lower and upper castes, no social relationship, such as marriage, is encouraged or socially permitted.
The upper caste believes in the concepts of purity and pollution.
Lower caste people had to walk 64 feet or 32 feet to reach the upper caste people in ancient times.
If the shadow of a lower caste person fell on an upper caste person, the upper caste person was thought to have been polluted by the lower caste people.
This would be followed by harsh and stringent penalties for polluting.
Following India’s independence, and with the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1955, such social practises were declared illegal and those who engaged in them were punished.
Also, through reservation, people who faced social discrimination based on caste were given the opportunity and encouraged to compete with the rest of the population.
What is the full form of SC ST OBC UR and EWS?
The full forms of SC, ST, and OBC are as follows:
SC stands for Scheduled Castes
Schedule Castes are essentially the lowest strata of Hindu society.
These classes are primarily designed to highlight the disadvantages of specific castes and tribes, as well as the underprivileged section of society.
They have significant reservation advantages in government jobs, higher education, and the legislature.
Scheduled castes are sub-communities within the Hindu caste system that have historically faced deprivation, oppression, and extreme social isolation in India due to their perceived low status.
According to The Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950, only marginalised Hindu communities can be classified as Scheduled Castes in India.
ST stands for Scheduled Tribes
Article 16(4) of the Constitution allows for the provision of reservations to citizens from the Backward Class who are not adequately represented in the state.
The tribe that primarily belongs to the lower classes or has been expelled from the city.
This ST tag is used to provide them with a share of every place, whether in education or in employment.
ST people have many advantages in every government job, school, college, and entrance exam.
OBC stands for Other Backward Classes
OBCs are considered a socially and educationally backward class. As a result, the government has made reservations in public sector jobs and higher education for their advancement.
The Indian government uses the term “Other Backward Class” to classify castes that are socially and educationally disadvantaged.
It is one of India’s many official population classifications, along with Scheduled Tribes and Scheduled Castes.
According to the Mandal Commission report of 1980, the Other Backward class comprised 52 percent of India’s population.
According to the National Sample Survey Organisation, the figure had dropped to 41% by 2006.
There are plans to create sub-categories within Other Backward Class to ensure that government profit reaches the deserving class.
UR stands for Unreserved category
Forward caste is a term used to describe a caste system whose representatives are socially and economically ahead of the rest of India on average.
Such seats are available, and anyone, regardless of category, can compete on merit.
The normal range is unreserved. Those who do not receive a reservation must outperform OBC/ST/SC candidates in the competition.
EWS stands Economically Weaker Sections
The term EWS refers to some households or individuals whose earnings fall below a certain threshold.
Although other financial considerations may influence a citizen’s or household’s economic insecurity, income is the most important criterion.
In the context of public policy, the term must be interpreted in the sense that the Preamble to India’s Constitution demands economic, political, and social justice.
The GOI has passed several laws for abolishing untouchability and has implemented various reforms to improve the quality of life for the poorer sections of our society.
Among them are the following:
Fundamental human rights are guaranteed by the constitution.
In 1950, the term “untouchability” was abolished.
Reservations in places such as educational institutions, employment opportunities, and so on.
Creating social welfare departments and national commissions to look after the interests of scheduled castes and tribes.
The government’s measures have provided some relief to the weaker sections of society.
The urban areas have had a significant impact and have shown some improvement.
People in rural areas and villages, on the other hand, continue to face severe discrimination.
We still have a long way to go in terms of eradicating and abolishing discrimination based on caste and creed.
It now depends on our efforts, and a shift in our mindset will almost certainly result in a permanent shift, bringing equality to all.
Dr. BR Ambedkar, the brains behind the Indian Constitution, recognised the need to actively empower these communities, socially, economically, and financially, and to provide them with equal opportunities to participate in the country’s governance and functioning, as well as to uplift and promote their growth.
With this in mind, provisions in the Constitution were included to protect the rights of these marginalised communities.
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