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A fraction is a number representing a part of the whole e.g. ¼ (1 is the numerator & 4 is the denominator ) is showing whole 4 than ¼ is the 1/4th part.

**Like fraction**– fraction having the same denominator are called like fraction.

**Unlike fraction**– fractions having different denominator are called unlike fraction.

**Proper fraction**– a fraction whose numerator is less than the denominator is called proper fraction.e.g. 2/3

**Improper fraction**– a fraction whose numerator is greater than the denominator is called improper fraction.

**Unit fraction**– a fraction having numerator is 1 called a unit fraction ½, ¼,1/7 etc.

**Mixed fraction**– a fraction which is a combination of a whole number and a proper fraction is called a mixed fraction. E.g. 2 1/(3 )

**Equivalent fraction**– ½ = $\frac{2}{4}=\frac{3}{6}$ all these fractions being equal in value are called equivalent fractions.

**Comparing Fractions**

1. We find the LCM of their denominators.

2. We make the denominator of each fraction equal to the LCM & convert them into like fraction.

3. Then compare the numerator of fraction.

$\frac{4}{5}$ and $\frac{3}{4}$ = $\frac{16}{20}$ and $\frac{15}{20}$

here we can see that $\frac{16}{20}>\frac{15}{20}$

**Addition & subtraction of fraction**– same to comparing procedure .

**Fraction**– a number of the form a/b where a & b are whole number & $b\ne 0$ is called a fraction, a is called numerator b is the denominator

** a fraction is the number representing a part of the whole.**

Sum/difference of fraction = sum/difference of their numerator / common denominator