Blockchain Technology: Architecture Work Types Applications & Future

What is Blockchain Technology ?

If you have been following cryptocurrency, interesting or banking over the past decade then chances are high that you have heard the term blockchain.

Blockchain is the record keeping tech which is behind the famous network of Bitcoin.

At first glance, Bitcoin may seem complicated to you but the centre concept of this technology is very simple to understand.

Basically blockchain is a kind of database. To fully understand blockchain concept in depth, let’s understand first that what is a database?

A database is a collection of data and information which is stored electronically on your PC.

Data or information that is stored in the database is typically structured in table format for allowing for easy of filtering and searching for specific data or information.

Now, you may ask that what is the prime difference between someone who is using a database to store information or data rather than a spreadsheet?

Spreadsheets of built and designed for a small group of people, or for a single person for accessing and storing limited amount of data or information.

On the other hand, a database is built or designed for housing significantly huge amount of data or information which can be manipulated, filtered or accessed at a faster rate and easily by n number of users simultaneously.

Big database accomplish this by storing information or data on some of which are made of powerful and strong computer systems.

Such service can sometimes be designed and built using hundreds and thousands of computer systems in order to have the storage capacity and computational power that is required for many users and persons for accessing the database at a single time.

While a database or a spreadsheet may be accessible to n number of people at a single time, it is often managed and owned by a business and appointed individual who has control complete control over it and how the data within it is controlled and accessed.

So now the question arises that how does a database differ from a blockchain?

A system of recording data or information in such a way that makes it extremely difficult or may be impossible for cheating, hacking or changing the system is known as blockchain.

Blockchain can be termed as a digital ledger of transactions which is distributed and duplicated across the entire network of computers on the blockchain technology.

Each block in a blockchain consists of a number of transactions and every single time a new transaction is made on the blockchain, a record of such transaction is added to the ledger of a participant.

The decentralized database is handled by many different participants which are known as DLT that is distributed ledger Technology.

Blockchain can be termed as a kind of DLT in which transactions are recorded with a cryptographic signature with which is known as a hash.

This is essentially means that if a single block in one block was changed, then it will be immediately evident that it has been tampered with.

Hackers who wish to corrupt a complete system of blockchain, they have to change every single block in the chain across all of the distributed versions of the blockchain.

Blockchain like Ethereum and Bitcoin are continuously and constantly growing as blocks are being added to the chain.

This adds significantly to the ledger’s security.

Also Read Machine Learning: Evolution Types Algorithms Applications Softwarea

History and Evolution of Blockchain

Year 1991 to 2008 – Scott Stornetta and Stuart Haber worked on the first blockchain ever in this period.

Year 2009 – Santoshi Nakamoto released the white paper of Bitcoin.

Year 2010 – The first ever Bitcoin purchased 10,000 BTC took place.

Year 2013 – The Marketplace of Bitcoin surpasses 1 billion US dollar. Vitalik Buterin released 1stWhite Paper of Ethereum.

Year 2014 –The blockchain of Ethereum is funded by crowdsale.

The technology R3 of Blockchain is formed and this leads to the formation of more than forty legacy financial to implement blockchain technology.

NEO project is started by Erik Zhang and Da Hongfei.

Year 2015 – 2nd Blockchain of Ethereum is unveiled. Linux unveils Hyperledger for enhancing the development of Blockchain.

Year 2017 –EOS.IO is revealed by block.one as a new protocol of blockchain for the successful deployment of decentralized apps.

Year 2015 – Year 2018 –Blockchain Technology is evolved by ever increasing number of cryptocurrency and companies leveraging this tech for enhancing efficiency.

Blockchain Architecture

The architecture of blockchain is heavily used in the financial industry.

However, nowadays the blockchain technology helps build and create software development solutions for smart contracts, digital notary, recordkeeping and cryptocurrency.

Traditional architecture of WWW uses a client server network. In such a case, the server keeps all the needed data or information at a single place, so that this extremely easy for updating due to the server being a database that is centralised and controlled by a number of administrators with permissions.

Each participant within the network updates, approves and maintains new entries in the case of the distributed network of blockchain architecture.

The entire system is controlled not only by separate people but by everyone who is within the network of blockchain.

Each and every member ensures that all the procedures and records are in order that results in data security and validity.

Therefore, parties which do not necessarily trust each other will be able for reaching a common consensus.

For summarising things, a blockchain is a type of distributed and decentralized ledger of different types of transactions that are arranged into a p2p network.

This network contains of several computer systems but in a way that the information cannot be changed without the consensus of the entire network, that is each separate computer system.

The structure of blockchain is represented by a list of several blocks with transaction in a specific order.

These lists can be stored as a text file or in the form of a normal database.

2 important data structure used in the blockchain are –

  • Pointers – Pointers are the variables which keep data about the location of another variable. Particularly, this is pointing to the position of other variable.
  • Linked Lists – Linked list are a block sequence where each block links to the following block with the help of a pointer and has specific data.

If we go by logic, the 1st block doesn’t consist of pointer, since this one is the 1st in a chain.

How Does A Blockchain Work?

In past few years, you might have seen that there are many businesses that are opting for the Black blockchain Technology.

But do you know that how does the blockchain technology actually work? Is this a simple addition or a significant change?

The advancement of the blockchain technology have the potential to be revolutionary in the future space and are still young.

So, let’s begin demystifying the blockchain technology.

It is a combination of three leading Technologies

  1. Cryptographic keys
  2. A means of computing for storing the transactions and record of the blockchain network
  3. A peer-to-peer network consisting of a shared ledger

Cryptography keys contain 2 keys – public key and private key.

Both these keys are helpful in performing successful transactions between any two parties.

Each person has these two keys which they used for producing a secure and digital identity reference.

This secured identity is the most crucial expect of this technology which is known by the name of blockchain.

In  cryptocurrency world, this identity is known as digital signature and is used for controlling and authorising transactions.

The digital signature is combined with a peer-to-peer network, a huge number of people who act as authorities use this digital signature for reaching a consensus on transactions among various other problems.

When they authorise a deal, it is certified by a verification that is mathematical and result in a successful and secured transaction between the two parties.

So for summing it up, the users of blockchain employ cryptographic keys for performing different types of transactions and interactions which are digital over the peer to peer network.

The Transaction Process

One of the features of blockchain Technology is the way it authorises and confirms transactions.

For instance, if two people want to perform a transaction with the public and private key, then the first party would attach the transaction data to the public key of the second party.

The complete information is gathered together inside a block.

A block consist of relevant information a time spent and a digital signature.

You should note that the block does not include the identity of the people who are involved in the transaction.

The block is then transmitted across all the nodes of the network and when the correct personuses his or her private key and matches it with the respective block, the transaction is completed successfully.

Also, for conducting financial transactions, the blockchain technology can also hold the details of vehicles and properties.

The following case which will clearly illustratehow the blockchain technology works –

Hash Encryptions

Blockchain uses hash encryption for securing the information relying mainly on the SHA256 algo for securing the information.

The address of the public key, the address of the receiver the transaction and his or her private key details are transmitted through the SHA256algo.

The encrypted data which is also known as hash encryption is added to the blockchain after verification and is transmitted across the globe.

The SHA256 algo makes it almost impossible for hacking the hash encryption which in turn simplifies the authentication of the receiver and the sender.

Proof of Work

Each block contains four main headers in a blockchain.

  1. Previous Hash – Previous hash address locates the previous block.
  2. Details of Transaction – The Transaction details of the transaction which is going to occur.
  3. Nonce – Nonce is an arbitrary number that is given to differentiate the hash address of the block in cryptography.
  4. Hash Address of the Block –All above-mentioned (Nonce, Transaction Details, and Preceding Hash) are transmitted via a hash algo. This provides an output consisting of a 64 character, 256-bit length value, which is known as the unique hash address. Eventually, it is known as the hash of the block.
  5. Many individuals across the globe are trying to figure out the correct hash value for meeting a pre-determined condition using algo which are computational. The transaction gets finished when the predetermined condition is fulfilled. In layman language, the miners of blockchain attempt to solve a puzzle that is mathematical and is known as a proof of work problem. Whoever solve this proof of work problem first, gets rewarded.

Mining

The process of adding details of the transaction to the present public or digital ledger in blockchain technology is known as mining.

Although this term is associated with the famous Bitcoin, it is used for referring to other blockchain Technologies as well.

Mining includes generating the hash of transaction of a block which is very tough for forging, thus  ensuring the safety of the complete blockchain system without the requirement of a central system.

Types of Blockchain

There are typically two kinds of blockchain – public blockchain and private blockchain.

However, there are various variations such as hybrid blockchain and consortium blockchain.

Before we get into the details of these kinds of blockchain, let us know what are the similarities of these blockchain.

Each blockchain contains a cluster of notes functioning on a peer-to-peer network system.

Each node in a network has a copy of the ledger that is updated on a timely basis.

Eid note can create blocks, receive or initiate transactions and verified transactions.

Now let’s deep dive into the four types of blockchain that are possible.

All blockchain architectures are categorized into the following four categories –

1 Public Blockchain Architecture

A public blockchain architecture implies that the access to the system and information is available to anyone who is willing to participate.

For instance –  Litecoin, Ethereum and Bitcoin blockchain systems are public. 

A public blockchain is a permission less, non-restrictive distributed ledger system.

Any individual who has access to the world wide web can sign in on a blockchain platform for becoming a part of the blockchain network and an authorised node.

A user or node that is a part of a block public blockchain is authorised fordoing proof of work for an incoming block, doing mining, verifying transactions, and assessing past and current records.

The most basic use of this type of blockchain is done in exchanging and mining cryptocurrencies.

Therefore the most common public blockchain are Litecoin blockchain and Bitcoin blockchain.

Public blockchain are most secure if the individuals strictly abide by the security methods and rules.

However it is risky when the users do not follow the security protocols very sincerely.

Example –Litecoin, Ethereum, and Bitcoin..

2 Private Blockchain Architecture

On the other hand, the private blockchain architecture is control only by users from a particular organisation or authorised people who have an invitation for participation.

A private blockchain is a permission or restrictive blockchain that is operated only in a closed network.

Private blockchain are typically used within an enterprise’s on an organisation where only the selected usersare the participants of the network.

The level of accessibility, permissions, authorisations and security is in the hands of the controlling institution.

Therefore, private blockchain are similar in use as a public blockchain, however they have a restrictive and small network.

These type of blockchain networks are deployed for asset ownership, digital identity, supply chain management and for voting.

Examples are Corda,Hyperledger and Multi-chain projects such as Sawtooth and Fabric.

3 Consortium Blockchain Architecture

Consortium blockchain architecture contains few organisation. In a consortium, blockchain architecture procedures are controlled and set up by the preliminary assigned users.

This type of blockchain is a semi decentralized kind of blockchain where more than a single organisation manages a network of blockchain.

This is contrary to what we have witnessed in the private blockchain, that is managed by one organisation.

More than a single organisation can act as a node in this kind of blockchain and do Mining or exchange information or data.

Consortium blockchain jobs are generally used by government institutions or banks.

Examples are R3 and Energy Web Foundation, etc.

4 Hybrid Blockchain

Hybrid blockchain is a combination of a public blockchain and a private blockchain.

It uses the features of both these kinds of blockchain which can have up public permission less system as well as a private permission-based system.

Individuals can control who gets access to which information stored in the network of the blockchain with this kind of hybrid network.

Only a selected section of records or data from the blockchain can be allowed for going public keeping the rest as private in the network.

The hybrid blockchain is flexible so that individuals can join a private blockchain with many public blockchain.

A transaction in a public network of this type of blockchain is typically verified within the network.

But different users can also release it in the public blockchain for getting verified.

The public blockchain involves more nodes for verification and increases the hashing.

This enhances the transparency and security of the network of the blockchain.

As mentioned above, blockchain is a distributed general where all parties have a copy that is local but based on the kind of structure of the blockchain and its context, the system can be more decentralized or centralised.

This simply means blockchain architecture design and who controls the ledger.

A private blockchain architecture is considered to be more centralised because it is controlled by a specific group withincreased privacy.

On the other hand, a public blockchain architecture is considered to be decentralized as it is open ended.

In a public blockchain architecture anyone can take part in the agreement process and all records are visible to the public.

On the other hand, this system is less efficient and effective because it takes lot of time for accepting each new record into the architecture of a blockchain.

If we talk about efficiency, the period for each transaction in a public blockchain architecture is less eco-friendly this is because it requires massive amount of computation power as compared to private blockchain.

Major Blockchain Platforms

1 IOTA Blockchain Platform

Iota is easily one of the most exciting block change environment in the market today, despite being one of the youngest.

IOTA took to the landscape of the blockchain with the mission for fundamentally changing the way that individuals assess distributed ledger technology.

The result is a more secure atmosphere to exchange information and values without fees.

Interestingly, it doesn’t actually use any blocks or chains, and is rather powered by its own and unique tech.

It offer leverage the power of internet of things for improved decision making and business.

There is also a central atmosphere for managing and upgrading your information.

Teams can use iota for the development of entire smart cities and for the creation of digital twins and anything in between.

All such thing and you get the advantages of being able for adding more privacy and security to your landscape.

2 Quorum

Quorum is another Contender on this list and is an enterprise grade version of the Ethereum platform.

It is a JP Morgan creation. Specifically, it modifies the core of the structure of Ethereum for offering something more efficient and speedier for permissioning.

It is excellent to handle apps which require a lot of processing speed.

It is also the ideal option for any person who is looking for managing private transactions.

What’s more, it come with a development landscape and a full support service which is excellent for customisation.

3 OpenChain

A public blockchain platform which is developed  CoinPrism is known as OpenChain.

It is a powerful environment that help institution design fantastic system for experimentation.

Any individual can spin up a new instance of blockchain on this environment within few seconds.

Also, users can exchange values on the ledger as per the rules laid and identified by the admins of the blockchain.

Just like cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin, you will be able for tracking every transaction that is taking place using your ledger.

Since there is zero miner in this environment, the transactions do not come with every price to worry about either.

4 Hyperledger Sawtooth

It is a blockchain that offers made available from the Linux Foundation both IBM and digital asset contributed some technology to the Hyperledger Sawtooth environment.

It is a modular enterprise-grade platform where experts can execute deploy and create distributed ledger.

It is easy for enabling digital records without central authorities in this landscape.

It offers lots of opportunities for extending your functionality and integrates with trusted execution environment.

The modular architecture separates the ecosystem from the application domain, so any individual can use smart contracts for specifying the rules for specific and particular apps without having to completely understand the full centre core system design and build.

5 EOS

EOS was launched in the year of 2008 and can be termed as a relative newcomer in the blockchain scenario.

It has firmly asserted itself in the blockchain his space despite its infancy.

EOS is designed and built by a private organisation which is known as Block.one and it is intended to develop decentralized apps for business.

Originally, this company distributed a billion tokens for EOS for ensuring that its cryptocurrency would spread across the globe.

Now any individual can EOS for creating customisable environments.

EOS provides an excellent solution for decentralized app hosting.

Another benefit of this environment is that it removes any fees for its users. You do not need to pay any fees for making the most of EOS.

6 OpenLedger

This blockchain platform is all about supporting digital transformation and providing blockchain services and custom blockchain development options to businesses across the globe.

Institutions can design revolutionary business tools which support the management of digital assets with this unique environment.

Another benefit that you will reap after using this blockchain platform is that there are plenty of customisable permission options for your peace of mind.

Thanks to services that include a team of dedicated professionals of blockchain, this blockchain platform can help any individual get started with blockchain for.

Specifically, these specialists will help you work with some of the leading blockchain platforms across the globe.

7 Corda

An open-source blockchain environment that help businesses to create more private and Secure transaction experiences is R3’sCorda.

It doesn’t have its own cryptocurrency like other blockchain platforms and environments.

An individual can unlock a better privacy level for his or her team since Corda operates on a permissioned model.

It also takes advantage from a granular level of control over digital records.

Corda is perfect for the financial sector, but it also supports trade authorities, healthcare and the government.

8 Ripple

It is a blockchain platform that focuses on the financial side of the digital revolution and was created in the year of 2012.

Ripple connect banks, payment providers, digital asset exchange and many more through a blockchain network.

You can build your own custom financial solution or create Global payments with this platform.

As you are reading this, over 300 organisations across the globe are deploying and creating financial assets within this blockchain platform.

There are solutions for sending rapid payments across various network, minimising liquidity expenses and many more.

9 Ethereum

Most individuals refer Ethereum as another form of cryptocurrency or as an alt-coin aside from Bitcoin.

Since 2013, this is a blockchain platform. It has offered developersan open-source distributed computing environment where they can reap all the advantages of blockchain.

Vitalk Buterin was responsible for designing this solution.

You can write codes using the Ethereum virtual machine runtime platform.

This could be just this service for you if you are interested in exploring smart contract options.

This is accessible from anywhere in the world but is a bit slower if we talk about its speed.

10 IBM Blockchain

Visionary organisations around the world are using IBM’s famous and amazing blockchain platform which offers more transparent and environment for operations of a company.

In turn, this company is leading the world of business into a new era of innovation and collaboration.

What’s more this company stays way ahead of the blockchain curve with its different division that only and only focuses on designing and building blockchain apps.

Companies and organisations can better redefine their business relationships through newfound collaboration, transparency, and trust with IBM blockchain.

Blockchain Applications

1 Smart Contracts

This term was first used in the year of 1993 but recently it has become a buzzworthy term, all thanks to the 2013 release of the project of Ethereum.

The Ethereum Project is a decentralized platform which runs smart contracts : apps which run exactly as programmed without any possibility of third party interference, fraud, censorship, or downtime.

Smart contracts are self automated programs of computer system that can carry out the terms of any contract.

These are the financial security held in escrow by a network which is routed to its recipients on the basis of computer code and future events.

Businesses will be using smart contracts for bypassing regulations and lowering the prices for a subset of the most common financial transactions.

The best advantage of smart contracts is that they will be unbreakable.

Organisations such as Slock which is an Ethereum enabled IoT platform uses smart contracts app for allowing its consumers for renting bicycles where they can unlock a smart lock after both the parties agreed on the terms mentioned in the contract.

Also Read 51 Applications of IoT ( Internet of Things)

2 Cloud Storage

Another application that businesses can reap benefits from each cloud storage.

Storj, is UK company that is offering secure cloud storage while decreasing dependency.

Users can simply store the traditional cloud 300 times over by using excess hard drive space.

If we consider that the globe spends more than 22 billion US dollars on cloud storage alone, this can possibly open a revenues stream for average individuals, while significantly dropping the prices for storing data for personal users and companies.

3 Proof-Of-Provenance and Supply-Chain Communications

Majority of the things that we purchased are not made by a single entity, rather than it is a chain of suppliers who sell their components to an organisation which markets and assembles the final product.

The issue with this system is that if a single component fails then the entire brand has to take the brunt of the complete backlash.

Using this technology will offer audit-able and digitally permanent records that shows stakeholders the state of the item at each value added step.

SkuChain and Provenance are 2 organisations attempting to address this problem

.

4 Paying Employees

It makes sense when blockchain is used as an application for compensating employees as it has its roots in cryptocurrency.

If an organisation regularly pay wages to International workers, then incorporating blockchain into the payroll process of a organisation can bea major price saver for the institution.

The first global Bitcoin based payroll service is Bitwage.

This institution will circumvent the fees which is associated with transferring money internationally.

Payments made through Bitcoin will save both time and money for employees and employers in the same way.

Also, each and every individual can actually witness where the cash is flowing throughout the process.

Now comes the case of paying to remote contractors and employees.

This is a type of payment that many big corporations are betting on this year and is a very part of personal business.

5 Electronic Voting

DPOS which means delegated proof of stake is the most flexible, most decentralized, most efficient and fastest consensus model available.

It leverages the stakeholder power for resolving consensus problems in a democratic and fair way.

All parameters of network ranging from transaction sizes to intervals of blocks can be tuned via elected delegates.

Selection of producers of block allows transactions to be confirmed in just a matter of time. 

The consensus protocol has been designed for protecting all the participants against unwanted regulatory interference.

Blockchain future will be ever expanding in the coming years.

Main Barriers to Blockchain Adoption

1 Inefficient Technological Design

One of the major barrier for implementing blockchain is its inefficient technological design.

A loophole and a coding flaw is one of the important points in this.

Bitcoin was the flag bearer in this regard and Ethereum really tried to cover up all the disadvantages of Bitcoin, however it is not still enough.

For instance, let’s take decentralized application development.

Ethereum allows the developers for implementing the dApps on the basis of their system and till date there are plenty of dApps based on it.

However, many of them seem to have only a matter of loopholes and false coding.

Hackers can take advantage of these loopholes and can hack into the system at a faster rate.

So if you talk about security it isn’t working very properly here.

Things will surely become more comfortable if we can fix this blockchain adoption challenge.

2 The Criminal Challenge

The anonymous feature of blockchain attracted both criminal personal and experts.

This is because of the decentralized nature of network can know your true identity.

This makes Bitcoin and blockchain a main target which can be used as a currency in the dark web and the black market.

Now is a good time to build up the reputation as it is natural for individuals to stay from the associations of any criminal.

Criminals can utilise these cryptocurrencies for the purchasing of payment methods and Limited illegal equipment.

They can also use the cryptocurrencies in exchange as a ransom.

The only method for coping up with challenges to stop the connections of the criminals and all for better implementation of blockchain. 

3 Low Scalability

If we talk about real life then blockchain works fine only for small amount of people.

Bitcoin and Ethereum now have the largest number of people on their Network and they are having a very difficult time handling the situation.

The transactions take longer time to process in the usual number increases on the network.

As a result, this restricts more users on the network and the transactions cost are higher than usual.

It can even take weeks for processing the complete transaction.

So, this challenge of blockchain adoption is making this technology less lucrative.

Few Technologies of blockchain also showed a faster output but they slowed down when a large number of people logged into the system.

So, this adoption challenge of blockchain needs to be addressed very soon as it is making blockchain appear a kind of dull.

4 High Energy Consumption

It is another barrier to the adoption of the blockchain as the majority of the blockchain technology follow proof of work and follow the infrastructure of Bitcoin as a consensus algorithm.

However everything is not as great as it seems because you will need computational power for keeping the system live.

Mining will require you for solving Complex equations using your personal computer system.

Therefore your computer will consume more and more electricity for overcoming this situation when you start the mining process.

Minors are currently consuming 0.2 % of the total electricity.

Miners will take more power than the world can provide if it keeps increasing.

Therefore it has now become one of the major challenges to this network.

Main Institutions are trying to avoid this technology just for the sake of this challenge.

This situation needs to be brought under control, but how?

Blockchain can use other methods of consensus for validating the transitions full stop the algorithms of consensus which require very little power for processing.

It is the only way we can make this technology a blessing again.

Future of Blockchain

  1. Pragmatic Governance Models will emerge

In the year of 2021 we will see new governance model that enable diverse and large consortia for approaching permissioningschemes, decision making and even payments more efficiently.

These models will help for standardizing information from various sources and for capturing more and new robust data sets.

68% of CIOs and CTOs even expect for seeing a scalable governance model for interactions across various blockchain networks to be a vital feature of the blockchain of their organisation in the next one to three years.

2 Interconnectivity comes a step closer to reality

Though the definition of interoperability can take many forms and reaching interconnectivity at the maximized level might be years away, we find that it is 50% of organisations today believe Assurance of standard and governance which allow and profitability and interconnectivity among permission less and  permissioned blockchain networks to be a vital part for joining and industry wide blockchain network, with more than 20% believe it to be crucial.

Although there is still work to be done on this front,  2021 as more emerging networks attain Critical Mass will find that more members of one network will expect guidance on integration between several different protocols.

3 Adjacent technologies will combine with blockchain technology for creating a next level advantage

If we combine adjacent Technologies with blockchain that will help us to do things that haven’t been done before in this world.

More trustworthy information from the blockchain will strengthen and inform underlying algorithms.

Blockchain Technology will help keep the information secure and Audit each step in the process of decision making enabling sharper insights driven by information that network participant trust.

4 Validation tools will begin for combating fraudulent data sources

Blockchain solutions will use validation tools along with Oracles, IoT beacons, crypto-anchors and mechanisms that link digital assets to the physical world by injecting outside information internet works with the need for heightened data protection mechanism.

This will remove the dependency on human data entry and improve trust which is often prone to fraud and error.

5 Central Banks will expand into retail and wholesale CBDCs i.e. Central Bank Digital Currencies

The Caribbean and the Middle East with the Nations in Asia are beginning to experiment with CBDs in real time as there is no doubt that they will continue for gaining Momentum in the next few years and redefining payment in various ways.

For once we will continue expansion in the wholesale CBDCs with some initial forays in retail CBDCs.

Moreover, you can also find that there will be an increased interest in digitisation and tokenization of other types of securities and assets like Central Bond debentures  for treasury Bond.

Limitations of Blockchain

  1. It is not a distributed computing system

Blockchain is a network that completely depends on notes to function properly.

The quality of the nodes will determine the blockchain quality.

For instance the blockchain of Bitcoin is a strong and incentivizes the nodes for participation in the network, but the same is not true for a blockchain network that do not incentivize the nodes.

This means that it is not a distributed computing system where the network do not depend on the participation and involvement of the nodes.

In comparison a distributed computing system works for ensuring that they verify the transactions according to the protocols, make sure that they record all the transactions.

These action are similar to that of a blockchain but there is lack of paralleling, mutual assistance and Synergy for each one of them.

Clearly, blockchain lacks the feature that make a distributed computing system so advantageous of the organisations.

2 Scalability is an issue

Blockchain are notscalable if we compare them to their counterpart centralised system.

You would know that the transactions are completely dependent on the network congestion if you have used the Bitcoin network.

This issue is related to scalability with blockchain networks. In simple words, the more number of nodes or people who join the network, the more chances of slowing down.

3 Some Solutions of Blockchain Consume Way Too Much Energy

The technology of blockchain was introduced with Bitcoin and it uses the proof of work congestion algorithm which rely on the miners to do all the hard work.

The miners are incentivized for solving Complex mathematical problems.

The consumption of energy is what makes these mathematical problems not so ideal for the world in which we live in.

4 Data Is Immutable – The Blockchain cannoy go back

It has always been one of the biggest disadvantage and limitations of the blockchain.

It is very clear that multiple systems take advantages from it including financial systems and supply chain.

But if we take how networks work, we should also understand that the immutability of data can only be present if the nodes of the network are distributed fairly.

What I mean to say here is that a network of a blockchain can be controlled by an entity if he or she owns more than half of the nodes –  making  vulnerable.

Another issue that it faces is the information or data once written cannot be removed.

We all know that every individual who is living on this planet has his or her right to privacy.

However, if the same individual uses a digital platform which runs on the technology of blockchain, then he or she will be unable to remove its trace from the system when he or she does not want it there.

There is no way, in simpler words, he or she can remove his or her trace, leaving rights to privacy into pieces.

5 Blockchain are inefficient, sometimes

There are many Technologies of blockchain out there right now and if you pickup the most famous ones including the blockchain technology which is used to buy Bitcoin, then you will find a lot of issues and inefficiencies within its system and it is one of the biggest disadvantages and limitations of blockchain right now.

For example when I setup Bitcoin Miner on my system, then I found out that the ledger can easily cross hundreds of GB.

It was not data storage efficient that can lead to problems of Storage for multiple nodes who want to become part of the network.

Clearly, there can be a better way for handling this, whenever the information is updated and the nodes need to replicate it.